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True Cardamom
(Elettaria cardamomum)
1896 illustration[1]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Subfamily: Alpinioideae
Tribe: Alpinieae
Genus: Elettaria
Maton, 1811
  • Cardamomum Noronha
  • Matonia Stephenson & J.M.Churchill

Elettaria is a genus of flowering plants in the family Zingiberaceae. They are native to India and Sri Lanka, but cultivated and naturalized elsewhere.[2] One member of the genus, E. cardamomum, is a commercially important spice used as a flavouring agent in many countries.

In 2018, several species were removed from Elettaria and placed in a new genus called Sulettaria. These species are recognized as of October 2018:[2]

These former species from Malaysia and Indonesia were reclassified into Sulettaria in 2018:[3]


  1. ^ Elettaria cardamomum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen - Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Poulsen, Axel; Båserud Mathisen, Helena; Newman, Mark; Ardiyani, Marlina; Lofthus, Øystein; Bjora, Charlotte (2018-08-01). "Sulettaria : A new ginger genus disjunct from Elettaria cardamomum". Taxon. 67 (4): 725–738. doi:10.12705/674.3. S2CID 92388068.